What is It? Hormonal vaginal contraceptive ring is a relatively new method of protection against unwanted pregnancy, which is becoming even more popular than usual oral contraceptives. In contrast to pills, the ring is applied …
Category: Birth Control
There are so many types of hormonal birth control contraceptives, and they perform differently. Generally they can be divided into two types: hormones containing estrogen drugs (their analogs) and non-hormones containing medications.
Combined Hormonal Birth Control Contraceptives
The most common method is proved to be hormonal contraception because it is considered the most reliable. Tablets contain two types of hormones, estrogen and progestin. They suppress ovulation as a result pregnancy becomes impossible.
It is paradox, birth control pills are closely connected with various fears. Women are afraid of side effects appearing such as blood clots. Estrogen contributes to thrombosis emergence. In fact, this danger is much higher than smoking or pregnancy for example. So if a woman has no serious contraindications (thrombosis history and among family members, strongly elevated blood pressure, etc.), the use of combined oral contraceptives are considered safe.
However, a lot more women are afraid to gain weight while taking birth control pills for women: the belief that the pill can get better – one of the most persistent.
In fact, it is not so long ago when modern combined oral contraceptives contain a minimum hormones dose which, although may be slightly aggravate the feeling of hunger but do not influence weight gain.
The main hormonal birth control types are:
- vaginal ring;
- hormone patch;
- subcutaneous implants;
- The hormonal intrauterine device.
This is another method of hormonal contraception with estrogen application. In composition terms and operation principle it is similar to COCs but has radically different way of application. The flexible ring is inserted directly into vagina, where relevant doses releases hormones that contribute to ovulation suppression. COCs advantage of the fact that the ring almost has no effect on the liver deficiencies. It has one great disadvantage – it can fall out of vagina or interfere woman.
Hormone patch also contains estrogen, but adheres to the skin and delivers hormones into the body through the bloodstream.
Another group of hormonal contraceptives do not contain estrogen, progestogen only. This method do not have estrogen-related side effects and are considered safer but less effective. This group includes the so-called mini-pill: a pill that contains minimal hormone dose.
Their operating principle is different from estrogen – containing contraceptives. They do not prevent ovulation, but cause cervical mucus thickening, which prevents sperm to penetrate the very womb. In addition, progestogen has no effect on uterine tunica intima or endometrium (without hormones it naturally occurs in the second half of the menstrual cycle). Because of this, the embryo can not attach to the uterine wall and continue its development.
Particularly desperate women may decide to sew up skin hormonal contraceptive implant, which also does not contain estrogen. It is set for a few years and is metered into the body releases the required amount of progestogen hormone. Like mini-pill, implant increases viscosity of cervical mucus and allows the endometrium to swell.
Hormonal Intrauterine Device (HID)
Hormonal Intrauterine Device is of mixed character. It immobilizes sperm and mechanically interferes with the embryo to attach to the uterine wall, as well as the usual spiral. Furthermore, as implants, it allocates the minimum number of daily progestagen hormone which inhibits the growth of endometrium and thus prevents the embryo to solidify.